Bad breath is the unpleasant odour exhaled when you breathe or talk. It is known as halitosis. The presence of anaerobic bacteria like fusobacterium and actinomyces in the bio film formed on the tongue, contributes in elevating the bad breath .These bacteria degrades the proteins present in the food resulting in formation of offensive gases like hydrogen sulphide, methyl mescaptan, cadaverin and skatol causing bad odour. Majority of the cases can be controlled by maintaining oral hygiene. Bad breath may be a sign of zinc deficiency or dehydration. Bad breath may also emanate from the nasal passages. Bad breath may indicate gum disease, sinus infection, gastrointestinal problems, and bronchitis. It may also be a sign of diseases like diabetes, liver or kidney failure, and cancer.
Causes for Bad Breath
Bad breath can be caused by foods, smoking, dry mouth, medical conditions, gum disease and sinus conditions. Careless oral care leads to the development of bacteria in the mouth which can trigger bad breath. Many other conditions may also lead to foul smell in breath.
1. Frequent dieting especially not eating breakfast
2. Anaerobic bacteria like fusobacterium and actinomyces that usually occur in your mouth on the surface of the tongue, teeth, gums, and in the throat.
3. Tuberculosis can also give rise to bad breath.
4. Poor oral hygiene leads to bad breath because when you leave food particles in the mouth, these pieces of food can rot and begin to smell.
5. Sinus troubles, liver or kidney problems, can cause bad breath.
7. Gum retraction
8. Dental plaques and tartar deposits
9. Ulcerative lesions and coatings
10. Diseases of the salivary glands
11. Tonsillar plaques and tonsillar fluid
12. Pharyngitis and pharyngeal abscess
Symptoms for Bad Breath
1. Mouth Infection
2. Sore throat and swollen glands
3. Dry mouth
4. Dental cavity
Home Remedies for Bad Breath
1. Brushing the teeth with baking soda first, then using salty water to rinse the mouth. This should be followed by brushing the teeth with regular toothpaste
2. Scrapping the tongue with a spoon or with a specially designed tongue scrapers available in the market
3. Gently clean the top of your tongue with the toothbrush everyday and after meals.
4. Gargle with saltwater to flush away mucus and bacteria.
5. Mouthwashes and rinses can help to prevent bad breath.
6. Cloves and tea tree oil is a strong antiseptic.
7. Chew some filberts (hazelnuts) gradually as they will absorb the bad breath.
8. Fennel can be used as a home remedy for bad breath. It curbs the bad breath
9. Lemon wedge sprinkled with salt can be sucked every day, to stop bad breath caused due to onion or garlic.
10. Parsley leaves are natural breath fresheners. Chew the leaves every morning.
11. Take a pea-sized piece of myrrh in your mouth before going to bed or sucking a small piece of cinnamon bark during the day can also help to reduce the intensity of bad breath
12. Chewing mint, mouth freshener, parsley, basil, rosemary, thyme and wintergreen will help lessen bad breath problem.
13. Rinsing the mouth with water to which lemon juice is added can help in curing bad breath.
14. Avocado is recommended for curing bad breath.
15. Chewing guava fruit is highly effective in curing bad breath. The leaves of guava help in preventing bad breath as well as mouth ulcers.
16. Unripe guava is helpful in curing bad breath
17. Parsley is a good home remedy for bad breath
18. Chewing some cardamom seeds provides temporary relief from bad breath.
19. Chew sugar-free gums and mints to temporarily mask bad breath.
20. All vegetable and fruit juices are highly effective to treat bad breath.
Include plenty of raw vegetables, grains, nuts and seeds in your diet. Avoid white sugar, bread and refined carbohydrate. Egg and meat also cause bad breath so should be avoided as far as possible.