Leukemia Cancer

When the white blood corpuscles (WBC) increase hugely in the blood, then it is a sign of leukemia cancer. The multiplication of the WBC originates in the bone marrow and then the disease invades all other parts of the body. There is no age limit beyond or before which a person may become afflicted with the disease. A person of any age may fall prey to this cancer.


Different types Of leukemia Cancer


Leukemia can be acute or chronic. Acute leukemia is caused when relatively young cells divide and multiply in numbers rapidly. Chronic leukemia occurs when the multiplication of the mature abnormal cells take place. The increase in the cancerous cells is slower in this type of the disease.

Myelogenous leukemia is when the cancer originates from the myeloid cells (young cells confined to the bone marrow that does not fall into the blood stream unless it is affected by disease. This type of cancer can be either chronic or acute.

Lymphocytic leukemia occurs when cells termed as lymphocytes (found in the bone marrow) become cancerous. This form of the health disorder can be either acute or chronic.


Probable Causes Of Leukemia Cancer

  1. Cigarette smoking

  2. Past history of cancer

  3. Exposure to treatment like chemotherapy or radiation therapy for an earlier situation of cancer

  4. Increased risk to leukemia occurs of a person is already afflicted with a blood disorder called myelodysplasctic syndrome

  5. Being affected by the human T-cell leukemia virus (that spreads either by sexual contact, sharing syringes during substance abuse or from mother to child while breastfeeding)

  6. A person who is affected by Down’s Syndrome may be at a higher risk

Symptoms Of Leukemia Cancer

  1. Abnormal and frequent bruising

  2. Acute pain in the abdomen

  3. Unexplained fever

  4. Increase in size of liver, lymph node and/or spleen

  5. Unexplained weight loss

  6. A persistent feeling of fullness

  7. Exhaustion and unexplained tiredness

  8. Excessive bleeding

  9. Immune system inefficiency – tendency to get infected easily

Leukemia is identified (1) if the above symptoms are apparent or (2) after a routine complete examination by the doctor. The illness is confirmed by a range of blood tests, biopsy and spinal taps.


Treatment Of Leukemia Cancer


Treatment depends on (1) the stage of the illness (2) health issues of the patient (3) how receptive the patient is to one or a combination of different types of treatment. The treatment options are

  1. Immunotherapy: identifying substances within the patient’s constitution to contain the spread and growth of the disease. The substances may also be lab-generated. This kind of therapy is based on specific characteristics of the particular form of the illness.

  2. Bone marrow transplant: After a series of radiation and chemotherapy treatments, the bone marrow may not function normally to produce the required cells. In this situation, a surgery to transplant bone marrow is done using stem cells. The bone marrow transplanted may be of the patient or donated by a sibling (identical twin) of the patient

  3. Surgery: When leukemia cells accumulate in the spleen, it becomes bigger and leads to health problems. Removal of the spleen by surgery is an optional treatment for leukemia

  4. Radiation therapy: To destroy cancerous growth and decrease the volume of the tumor

  5. Chemotherapy: This is given either intravenously or as a pill

To date there have been no proven methods to prevent leukemia. However, certain studies point to the fact that over exposure to benzene causes the illness. Avoiding undue exposure to benzene may be considered as an attempt to prevent this type of cancer. (Benzene is contained in plastics, detergents, paints, pesticides and solvents.) Avoiding tobacco abuse also reduces the risk to the illness.

Top Comments

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by King     28-May-2012

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