Sleep Disorders

The fast pace of life has almost made men act like machine. Each and everybody is a member of the rat race. People have become so mechanical that they can hardly manage time for their families. And when they cannot find time for their family members, how can they find time for themselves? Yes, unfortunately all problems crop up from this point. Therefore, ‘time’ is considered to be the biggest factor of the recent time. Since people cannot manage time to eat, drink and sleep properly, their health suffers severely. Once the health problems start affecting people, there is no escape. So, if you want to lead a healthy life, it’s very important to take rest and eat healthy foods.Improper and inadequate sleep has become a very common problem in the current time. People find it really difficult to get a sound sleep. A normal adult person needs at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep throughout the day. If he cannot manage to sleep this much, he will wake up with an irritated mood and the rest of the day will be a bitter experience for him. There are many reasons as to why a lot of people cannot sleep well. Some of them will be discussed in this article later on. But the major concern of this article is to find out what are the most common sleep disorders that people suffer from in the recent time. We will look at some of the common sleep disorders next:

  • Primary insomnia: It is a chronic difficulty to maintain or fall asleep.
  • Bruxism: in this case, the person involuntarily grinds or clenches his teeth when he is sleeping
  • DSPS (Delayed sleep phase syndrome): here, the person is not able to fall asleep and wake up at proper time. However, sleep maintenance is not a problem here.
  • Hypopnea syndrome: in this case, abnormal rate of slow breathing or shallow breathing takes place while sleeping
  • Narcolepsy: EDS or Excessive daytime sleepiness often culminates in spontaneously falling asleep though unwillingly at improper times.
  • Pavor nocturnus, Night terror, sleep terror disorder: in this case the person wakes up from sleep abruptly due to terror
  • Parasomnias: in this case sleep is disturbed due to inappropriate actions while sleeping. For example, night terrors and sleep walking.
  • PLMD (Periodic limb movement disorder): in this case, legs or arms are moved involuntarily. It is also called nocturnal myoclonus.
  • RBD (Rapid eye movement behavior disorder): in this case, dramatic or violent dreams are acted out during REM sleep.
  • RLS (Restless legs syndrome): in this case, people feel an irresistible wish or urge in moving legs. The people suffering from RLS may also suffer from PLMD.
  • Situational circadian rhythm sleep disorders: SWSD (shift work sleep disorder) as well as jet lag
  • Obstructive sleep apnea: in this case, airway is being obstructed while sleeping. It disrupts adequate deep sleep. It sometimes also accompanies snoring. Central sleep apnea is quite common.
  • Somnambulism or Sleepwalking: in this case, the person keeps awake and usually walks while sleeping.
  • Nocturia: here, the person feels a frequent urge for going to bathroom for urinating.

The most common causes that lead to the above mentioned sleep disorders are:

  • Back pain
  • Anxiety
  • Sciatica
  • Chronic pain
  • Incontinence
  • Neck pain
  • Environmental noise
  • Endocrine imbalance
  • Various drugs
  • Drug Withdrawal
  • Chronobiological disorders most importantly Circadian rhythm disorders
The treatments of sleep disorders are usually clubbed under four major categories:
  • rehabilitation/management
  • psychotherapeutic /behavioral treatments
  • medications
  • somatic treatments
Somatic treatments and Medications might provide the best relief from many sleep disturbances. Few sleep disorders like narcolepsy, can be treated best pharmacologically. Others like n chronic as well as primary insomnia can be treated with behavioral interventions.
Therefore, if you have been suffering from any of the sleep disorders mentioned above or find it really difficult falling asleep, it is best to consult a doctor as soon as possible. It’s best to treat a disease when it is in its nascent stage. Moreover, after the hard day toil, everybody wants to get a good night’s sleep, so you better not deprive yourself of that!

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