Vitamin D Deficiency Problems and Their Treatment

Vitamin D is also known as calciferol or sunshine vitamin, as the body, can manufacture it in a sunny weather utilizing body cholesterol. It can be attained in about half-an hour by bright skinned people, whereas dark skinned persons, due to the pigmentation require about three hours to achieve the same level of production. The sunlight required for this procedure is unfiltered sunlight. Vitamin D is one of the fat-soluble vitamins and it has numerous vital functions in our body. Its prime function is to improve and calcify human bones. Generally most of us obtain sufficient vitamin D from sunlight and fortified dairy products. The deficiency of vitamin D is considered as a health risk. Vitamin D is technically a pro-hormone, which can be converted into hormone by human body.


 Goodness of Vitamin D and why we need it


Vitamin D helps to keep our blood pressure low, decrease inflammation and boost the immune system. Thus it is vital for keeping heart health. It is indispensable for decent bone health too as it help body to absorb calcium. Vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 are two chief forms of vitamin D.


It also aids to regulate the phosphorous amount in the body and ensure a healthy heart as well as nervous system. Recent studies has also shown that it assist to have better thyroid function, the immune system and normal blood clotting. Vitamin D is seemed to be extremely beneficial for our bones. It aids to absorb dietetic calcium and phosphorus found in the intestines and suppresses the parathyroid hormone release and thus prevents bone reabsorption effectively. It is helpful in preventing osteoporosis, cancer, high blood pressure and several other autoimmune diseases.


Who need extra vitamin D supplements


People wearing sunscreen lotion with higher content of SPF factor and those who have a strict vegetarian diet need to take additional supplements. It is always better to check vitamin D level in older people. People with defective kidneys or liver may have inadequate amount of this vitamin, because the proper functioning of kidneys and liver is essential for activating vitamin D production.


Dietary sources


We can meet vitamin D requirement from our diet itself if we are ready to include specific foods in our meals on a regular basis. You can go for different kind of natural food source for attaining better level of vitamin D in your blood. One of the best dietary sources that provide D Vitamin is fortified milk. Some bread products as well as cereals are also rich sources of Vitamin D. You can ensure the Vitamin D level by checking the food labels. Some other food sources of Vitamin D are cod liver oil, mackerel, salmon, sardines and tuna fish. Liver, butter and egg yolk are also good source of vitamin D. Smaller amounts of it are also obtained from dark leafy vegetables. Having a nutritious and balanced diet is the best way to prevent diseases occurred due to deficiency of vitamin D.

Sources of vitamin D


The chief and best natural source of vitamin D is basically sunlight. Sunrays activate the body to manufacture this useful vitamin. Still, due to skin cancer risk, it is recommended to have just 10 minutes of sunlight exposure for vitamin D formation. Folks, who may not get enough sunlight, including people live in the northern regions, must take supplement to feed their bodies with sufficient amount of Vitamin D.

Vitamin D Deficiency related problems


The chief reasons for Vitamin D deficiency are intake of Vitamin D deficient diet, inadequate sun exposure, Lack of vitamin D absorption from the intestines and inability to treat Vitamin D because of liver or kidney disease. In case of low vitamin D levels human body just doesn’t work as well. Deficiency of vitamin D has been connected to insulin problems high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes risk and more. Vitamin D Receptors have been found to be located on pancreatic cells and this may be the reason for theoretical link between diabetics and vitamin D.


Low vitamin D level in blood has been related with high risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer, cognitive weakening in older adults and severe asthma in infants. Studies revealed that vitamin D could have a significant role in the avoidance and treatment of several unpleasant conditions, such as type 1 - diabetes or type 2 - diabetes, glucose intolerance, hypertension and multiple sclerosis.


Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency


Bone pain, dental deformities, diminished growth, frequent bone fractures, short stature, muscle cramps and skeletal deformities are some common symptoms caused by the deficiency of vitamin D. When a grown-up person has been suffering from intense deficiency of vitamin D for a long time, it may lead to fragileness of bones.  Brittle bones cause high risk to anyone.


Children are more susceptible to various bone-related symptoms than adults. In infants, kids and elderly individuals’ chance for rickets, a severe condition caused by vitamin D deficiency is high. Slow growth and development in children may be a symptom of vitamin D deficiency. Observing that a kid's teeth have not full-grown is another hint to be suspicious.


Another severe case of vitamin D deficiency found in children is heart associated problems. A child’s heart cannot develop properly without enough fat soluble vitamin D. This is a rare case and common symptoms of this fatal condition are showing troublesome breathing, minimal level of calcium in blood, muscle cramps and weak bones. All these critical conditions can be avoided by taking some preventive measures such as practicing balanced diet and short outside walk.


Treatment of Vitamin D deficiency



When it comes to treatment of vitamin deficiency symptoms, options are multitude and it is always better to consult your doctor for settling on the most appropriate option. Those who are deficient of this vital vitamin usually handle it by taking nutritional supplements. The suggested dose of vitamin D may vary from individual to individual. There are two kinds of ultraviolet rays. They are UVA and UVB. The rays which activate the vitamin D precursor synthesis are UVB, which has relatively short wavelengths extending only to the top layers of the skin. Some recommended ways to meet vitamin D requirement are to take diet supplements, practice tanning beds and eat vitamin D rich food. Before choosing a way it is better to consult your physician and seek advice.


Treatment ways for vitamin D deficiency includes getting extra vitamin D -- through suggested diet, supplements and spending additional time in the sunlight. Overexposing may lead to skin cancer and hence it should be avoided. Actually there is no consent on vitamin D levels needed for ideal health and it varies depending on age of person and health conditions. Less than a 20 Nano grams per milliliter concentration is usually considered inadequate, calling for treatment. If you belong to the group who don't spend some time in the sunlight or at all times are cautious to cover your skin with sunscreens, it is better to seek advice from your doctor  about using a vitamin D supplement, especially if you have symptoms indicating vitamin D deficiency. Thus you can achieve better health and avoid a lot of health problems by bringing a little change on your life styles and food habits.

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