What Is Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is a common problem faced by many people, so the question “what is hyperpigmentation?”  is asked by all kinds of people.

You yourself may wonder “what is hyperpigmentation?”
Well if you seek the answer to the question “What is hyperpigmentation?” then please continue reading.

So finally what is hyperpigmentation?

When there is too much brown pigment in your skin, called melanin, is causes patches of your skin to darken. This is a completely harmless condition. Liver spots, also known as age spots, are a variation of hyperpigmentation. These patches occur mostly because of damage to the skin caused excessive exposure to the sun. These patches are called solar lentigines by doctors. Any area of the body that is exposed to the sun for too long can be affected but mostly they are found on the hands and face.
Hyperpigmentation is not only caused by sun damage, but also inflammation, or other skin injuries, including those related to acne vulgaris. People who have darker Asian, Mediterranean or African skin tones are also more susceptible to hyperpigmentation, especially if they are exposed to the sun’s rays for too long.
Now that you know the answer to the question “what is hyperpigmentation?”, continue reading to find the answer to the question:”what causes hyperpigmentation?”
Excess production of melanin is the cause of many forms of hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation can be scattered or centered on the body, affecting areas like the face and the back of the hands. Melanin is produced by melanocytes at the lower layer of the epidermis. Melanin is a class of pigment accountable for creating color in the body in places like the eyes, skin, and hair. As one grows older, melanocyte distribution becomes less scattered and its regulation is less controlled by the body. If there is a concentration of cells that are denser than the neighboring areas, UV light encourages melanocyte activity and hyperpigmentation is caused. Hyperpigmentation is associated with a number of diseases or conditions, including:
  • Addison's disease and other sources of adrenal deficiency.
  • Cushing's disease or other excessive adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) production.
  • Acanthosis nigricans – hyperpigmentation of intertriginous areas related with insulin resistance.
  • Melasma, also known as chloasma
  • Linea nigra
  • Peutz-Jeghers
  • Particular chemicals such as salicylic acid, bleomycin, and cisplatin.
  • Smoker's melanosis
  • Celiac disease
  • Cronkite-Canada syndrome
  • Porphyria
  • Tinea fungal infections such as ringworm
  • Haemochromatosis
  • Powdered jet injections
  • Hyperpigmentation can sometimes be induced by dermatological laser procedures. 
Now that you have the answers to questions like “what is hyperpigmentation?” and”what causes hyperpigmentation?”  continue reading to find the answer to the question “what are the various treatments for hyperpigmentation?”
There are several techniques to treat hyperpigmentation, depending upon what caused the discoloration. Some of those methods are discussed here.
Select the one which is appropriate for your skin. Not all types of treatments are right for everyone. Discuss your treatment with your doctor and prepare yourself for the treatment.
Certain techniques for treating hyperpigmentation: 
Hydroquinone: The dark patches on your skin that are caused mainly caused by non-hormone induced hyperpigmentation can be treated with this bleaching agent. This bleaching agent can give better results for slight hyperpigmentation problems. If you need a low-priced technique and if you do not want any invasive measures involved in the treatment, then hydroquinone is an excellent option for you. This bleaching agent will take more time to get you the desired result but it will mainly block your melanin growth in your skin.
Hydroxy acids: Water soluble alpha hydroxy acids, such as 8% glycolic acid and beta hydroxy acids such as salicylic acids can get rid of hyperpigmentation and it also enhances the cellular turnover.
Intense pulsed light: This treatment is mainly used prior to and subsequent to laser surgeries to amplify the effectiveness of the treatment. For ethnic patients and people with darker skin tones, intense pulsed light technique is used for treating standard hyperpigmentation. Skin with sun damage is occasionally treated with this treatment.
Laser resurfacing: In the event of your skin becoming so damaged it needs to be removed, laser resurfacing is employed. In this method, the primary layers of the damaged skin evaporate and assist in revealing fresh and even toned skin underneath.
Microdermabrasion: This is the shortest treatment for hyperpigmentation. In this method, your skin is sand blasted using aluminum oxide crystals and various other mild abrasives, including vitamin C crystals to remove the primary layers of the skin and also to get rid of the dead cells from the skin. Resultantly new cells of the skin are produced in the deeper layers. With a series of microdermabrasion treatments, the dark patches can be reduced.
Ensure you discuss any treatment you choose to take with your doctor and see if he finds the treatment viable.
I hope you enjoyed reading my article on “what is hyperpigmentation?” and I hope that this article answered all your questions concerning hyperpigmentation adequately. Now if anyone asks you “what is hyperpigmentation?” you will know enough information to give them a satisfactory answer. If you would like more or different answers to the question answered here (what is hyperpigmentation, what causes hyperpigmentation and what are the various treatments for hyperpigmentation) then further information can be found on the internet.

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