What Is Thyroid Problem

The thyroid gland is located just below the skins and the muscles and is found at the front of the neck. It is very light but is very important to the proper working of the human body. The thyroid gland has a very significant role in the proper functioning of the human body even though it is extremely small and weighs very less. The role of the thyroid gland is to produce the hormones that assist in metabolism and propagate the growth of the body. Thyroid gland needs iodine to function which it acquires from the food and water we take. The thyroid gland utilizes the iodine with an important amino acid, called tyrosine to manufacture the hormones. Everything in the body from the growth to the sexual development is controlled by the hormones which are produced by the thyroid glands. Thyroid hormones are essential for the working of the body because they establish how the vital organs in our body will function depending on the organs produced in the body. Therefore, if you have a thyroid problem, your neck is not the only affected region. Because the hormones produced in the thyroid gland travel throughput the body, the effects of a thyroid problem can be very diverse and alarming.

What is thyroid problem? A thyroid problem in very simple terms is a problem which is related to the thyroid gland, as in when the necessary hormones are not being produced in the desired quantity. Thyroid problem manifests itself in two ways, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is the problem when the thyroid produces hormones in larger quantities than what is required leading to a very high metabolism rate which results in losing energy in the body at a very fast rate. Hypothyroidism, on the other hand is the exact opposite, where the thyroid is not able to produce the hormones in sufficient quantities which is required for the proper functioning of the body. This results in the body using the energy much more slowly and limited chemical activity in the cells resulting in a very low metabolism rate. Though both these are different, it results in the enlargement of the thyroid gland, and in very extreme cases excessive enlargement of the thyroid gland which is very visible to even other people is called a goiter. People who have deficiency in iodine also are very susceptible; to have a thyroid problem.

Thyroid problems should be treated very soon because untreated thyroid problems can lead to a number of problems including heart diseases and obesity. Therefore, problems with the thyroid gland should be bought to immediate attention if any of the common symptoms of a thyroid disorder are applicable to you. The common causes of hypothyroidism include; weakness and being easily tired, dry skin, obesity, insomnia, hair loss, loss in memory, nervousness and heavy menstrual periods. The common symptoms of hyperthyroidism are depression and light menstrual periods along with the symptoms due to hypothyroidism like nervousness and cold hands and feet.

When a swelling is observed in an otherwise healthy thyroid gland, it is called as a thyroid nodule. These nodules can be felt from the outside near the tip of the thyroid gland and are seen as a lump on the throat of the affected person. The thyroid nodules can be removed from the body by following the procedure of surgical excision. A malignant thyroid gland will result in thyroid cancer. In such a case the thyroid is removed from the body to eliminate any risk. Inflammation of the thyroid gland is known as thyroiditis. The common treatment for thyroiditis is thyroid hormone replacement.

The thyroid problem is a very difficult problem to deal with because, there is currently no known way to prevent problems related to the thyroid gland which result in hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. However it can be treated. People suffering from thyroid problems with early diagnosis and proper treatment are known to treat their condition through medication. Thyroid symptoms start to develop over a period of a few months so it is difficult to establish early o if the person is affected with a thyroid problem. If thyroid disorders are left neglected for a prolonged period of time, the person can also slip into a coma.


Top Comments

I have a TSH 9.6.Should i start taking thyronorm or not? if yes then what is the recommended dosage and also i am anxious that if we start up with the medicine once it has to be taken for life time
by prachi aggarwal     20-Dec-2012

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